Diabetes mellitus relates to a group of metabolic diseases characterized by blood sugar (glucose) levels resulting from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. blood glucose levels in the body are controlled by a hormone known as 'insulin'. Insulin is produced by an organ known as the pancreas.
When insulin glucose in the blood rises is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level by reducing it. In patients with diabetes, the absence or insufficient production of insulin causes hyperglycemia often. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition is, although it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime. For further information about diabetes care and treatment, you may visit https://www.jacarandamaternity.co.ke/copy-of-hypertension
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Types of diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes)
In this type, the body becomes unsuccessful in producing insulin or insufficient insulin. It usually occurs in childhood.. This type of diabetes accounts for 10-15% of all people suffering from the disease. Such people with type 1 diabetes must inject insulin several times a day with the supplemented diet plan and exercise care.
Type 2 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes)
In this type, the body can not use the insulin produced by the pancreas. It usually occurs in adults, but can easily be controlled by diet, regular exercise, and weight control. Type 2 diabetes covers 85-90% of the total of people with diabetes.
Gestational diabetes mellitus
GDM, or carbohydrate intolerance, first diagnosed during pregnancy through a tolerance test oral glucose. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include a family history of diabetes, increased maternal age, obesity and being a member of a community group / ethnic at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.